Unauthorized products may pose serious health risks


Last updated:

Issue

Health Canada is advising Canadians about unauthorized health products that may pose serious health risks. The table below is updated when Health Canada finds unauthorized health products that are promoted for sexual enhancement, weight loss, as a workout aid, or as “poppers,” and that are labelled to contain or have been tested and found to contain dangerous ingredients. Links to previous tables with affected products are also available below.

Unauthorized health products have not been approved by Health Canada, which means that they have not been assessed for safety, effectiveness and quality. Unauthorized health products can pose many health dangers, including:

  • They may contain ingredients not listed on the label. This includes ingredients like prescription drugs, possibly at doses exceeding maximum recommended amounts. Prescription drugs should be taken only under the supervision of a health care professional because they may cause serious side effects. Using a product that contains ingredients that the consumer is not aware of increases the chance of dangerous allergies and interactions with other medications and foods.
  • The label may indicate a dangerous ingredient or combination of ingredients. For example, it could list a drug that should be available only by prescription from a health care professional, or a combination of ingredients that Health Canada does not permit because of serious health risks.

Health Canada maintains this page so that Canadians can easily identify products they may have purchased and take appropriate action. Canadians are encouraged to check back regularly for updates. Advisories on safety issues involving other types of products are available in the recalls and safety alerts database.

What you should do

  • Stop using the products listed below. Consult your health care professional if you have used these products and have health concerns, and for advice on which health products are best for you and your family.
  • Read product labels to verify that health products have been authorized for sale by Health Canada. Authorized health products have an eight-digit Drug Identification Number (DIN), Natural Product Number (NPN) or Homeopathic Drug Number (DIN-HM). You can also check if products have been authorized for sale by searching Health Canada’s Drug Product Database and Licensed Natural Health Product Database.
  • Report any health product adverse events or complaints to Health Canada.
  • See the additional information on buying health products safely in the helpful links below.

What companies should know:

  • Selling unauthorized health products in Canada is illegal.
  • When Health Canada identifies unauthorized products that may pose serious health risks, Health Canada takes appropriate action to prevent further distribution and informs Canadians. This includes working with the Canada Border Services Agency to help prevent further importation of unauthorized products.

Background

Cardarine (also known as GW501516 and GW1516), MK-677 and SR-9009 are not authorized in Canada for any use and may pose serious health risks. All clinical development all activities to bring GW501516 to market were stopped when toxicities, including various cancers, were discovered following routine, long-term animal studies. The long-term effects in humans are unknown.

Rauwolfia (also known as rauvolfia) is a prescription drug that can be used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). People with heart conditions or psychiatric disorders should receive close medical supervision when using it as it can make certain conditions, such as depression, worse. Common side effects include tiredness, sleepiness, depression, nasal obstruction and breathlessness. Rauwolfia should not be used by children, or pregnant or nursing women.

Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators (SARMs) are drugs that are not authorized in Canada for any use and have not been reviewed by Health Canada for safety, effectiveness and quality. The use of bodybuilding products that contain SARMs can pose serious health risks such as heart attack, stroke and liver damage. The long-term effects on the body are unknown. Examples include andarine, ostarine (MK 2866), ligandrol (LDG-4033) myostine (YK-11), and testolone (RAD-140).

Yohimbine is a prescription drug and should be used only under the supervision of a health care professional. Yohimbine is derived from yohimbe, a bark extract. The use of yohimbine or yohimbe may result in serious adverse reactions particularly in people with high blood pressure, or heart, kidney or liver disease. Side effects include increased blood pressure and heart rate, anxiety, dizziness, tremors, headache, nausea and sleep disorders. It should not be used by children, or pregnant or nursing women.

Affected products

Product description

Unauthorized health products
Photo Product &
Promoted Use
Hazard Identified Company Action Taken Date Added
MYO-CARD
Workout supplement
Labelled to contain cardarine GW-501516  Lethbridge Supplements & Vitamins
1406 3rd Avenue South,
Lethbridge, AB
Seized from the retail location December 9, 2019
MYO-HER
Workout supplement
Labelled to contain ostarine MK-2866  Lethbridge Supplements & Vitamins
1406 3rd Avenue South,
Lethbridge, AB
Seized from the retail location December 9, 2019
MYO-HGH
Workout supplement
Labelled to contain MK-677  Lethbridge Supplements & Vitamins
1406 3rd Avenue South,
Lethbridge, AB
Seized from the retail location December 9, 2019
MYO-LGD
Workout supplement
Labelled to contain ligandrol LGD-4033  Lethbridge Supplements & Vitamins
1406 3rd Avenue South,
Lethbridge, AB
Seized from the retail location December 9, 2019
MYO-S4
Workout supplement
Labelled to contain andarine  Lethbridge Supplements & Vitamins
1406 3rd Avenue South,
Lethbridge, AB
Seized from the retail location December 9, 2019
MYO-STA
Workout supplement
Labelled to contain ostarine MK-2866  Lethbridge Supplements & Vitamins
1406 3rd Avenue South,
Lethbridge, AB
Seized from the retail location December 9, 2019
MYO-RAD
Workout supplement
Labelled to contain RAD 140 testolone  Lethbridge Supplements & Vitamins
1406 3rd Avenue South,
Lethbridge, AB
Seized from the retail location December 9, 2019
MYO-TKO Total Knock-Out
Workout supplement
Labelled to contain ostarine MK-2866  Lethbridge Supplements & Vitamins
1406 3rd Avenue South,
Lethbridge, AB
Seized from the retail location December 9, 2019
MYO-YK
Workout supplement
Labelled to contain YK-11 myostine  Lethbridge Supplements & Vitamins
1406 3rd Avenue South,
Lethbridge, AB
Seized from the retail location December 9, 2019
Psychotic
Workout supplement

Labelled to contain rauwolfia vomitoria extract (std. min. 90% alpha yohimbine)

Lethbridge Supplements & Vitamins
1406 3rd Avenue South,
Lethbridge, AB
Seized from the retail location December 9, 2019

Health Canada
(613) 957-2983

Public enquiries

(613) 957-2991
1-866 225-0709

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